silence economy

I have been thinking and feeling a lot about silence. You can find posts on this topic in my blog : silence : Infact I lived the last 2 years of my life trying to appreciate in better :-)

This quote by Lao Tzu is so profound! Silence is a source of great strength

Buddha

Meditating on silence

I mention about it in the following posts : Being Creative ; Creative Silence ; LoCuSt Theory . 2 years back i was so much into internet and mobile, I suddenly felt if I was too dependent on it. What if, I asked myself, I don’t have the connection? Will I be okay and happy? Am I too social? Can I be happy with myself and people around me? Or am I addicted to the internet to the extent that its a relationship I am dependent on? Hence over the last 700+ days I completely withdrew myself and now I am back to full form myself. Happy to say, I can go to an island and still remain happy with out electricity :-) The internet and mobile with facebook, twitter and google definitely keep me happy and entertained. But I shall be happy and thriving without it as well …

Coming back to the topic of the post, I see the whole world economy as a result of the human kind not be at ease with the silence. As I said in my earlier post, Locust Theory : The whole universe is built around Nothingness or impermanence. Actually a massive silence. The absolute truth is nothingness or silence!

The whole modern materialistic, capitalistic world seems to be making money from the inability of people to be at peace with the silence. The economy of the growth i.e. GDP is a measure of how much the country is working towards filing this silence! The only problem I see with this is its fundamentally unstable. Growth where the foundation of the economy is silence is more sustainable and democratic. Growth that is more thought out – a step though slower definitely towards a stronger, better and richer tomorrow. I think India’ growth trajectory is in the right direction with focus on sustainable development, long term development as the future i.e. as per needs and abilities. Of course, there is a balance of power, a big gap in the socio-economic structure. But the inclusive development will happen in sometime … if not now definitely by 2050! the internet and mobile will play a very critical role in this.

HAR PAL … KUCH ZAROORI ( www.mytoday.com Every Moment … something u need ) a new product we are re-launching and re-branding where I work. I guess this will add more fuel to the economy in general : ;-) and we take a cut! Hopefully in the more sustainable way.  Only time will tell but I am sure we are onto something really big here. Possibly the next google or facebook? I am sure this will be addictive. Atleast thats my job role to make it addictive – hope I live up to the expectations!

Coming to the more details of the silence economy, this is how the economy functions. In order to get away from the silence, a person, institution or group of people can do one of the following things:

  • create
  • consume
  • comment
  • curate
  • collaborate (co-create)
  • destroy
  • share

Depending where you are in the value making or consumption chain your either make or spend money! Thats the gyan session for today :-) too much philosophy. Next blog post on ‘life’ would be either on anger or how / why the future of money will be barter in the open, social and free world :-)

time to talk numbers!

I have been in the number mood this week. I guess primarily because of the operations jaunt I am having at office. As they say devil is in the details – I think once you break the barrier numbers are cool to swim at. So, today I decided to de-stress from excessive work by looking at my flickr numbers ;-)

Another reason I thought it would be good to blog and reflect at the numbers today is because Feb 27th i.e. today happens to be the last day for the gifted pro account by the Flickr Staffer on Nov 26th 2008 when he saw me telling not much bandwidth to upload snaps on the stream! Also, the before I hit another milestone – I have now uploaded my 12,000th snap on flickr. Its a self potrait taken when I was in a reflective mood at Panchgani couple of weekends back de-stressing!

IMG_9291

As it stands currently I have uploaded 12,151 photos and my profile i.e http://flickr.com/people/vinu/ has been viewed 1,184,075 times! Total view count of all snaps stands at an amazing 3.3 million+!!

flickr_stats

If you examine the breakup the facts are even more amazing – only some 1500 are public.  Rest are private. I pressed the privacy button a year back when my camera became defunct a year back as I was very upset. Then changed certain snaps into public. The fact comes out when you see than 11,000+ snaps have been viewed atleast once ;-) Out of everything – one fact I really value a lot – close to 2,000 snaps have been commented at!
breakdown

In terms of the top 10 of views – the 26/11 snaps are up there. Infact the first 70+ snaps are from this only! I am sure close the 2.5 million views are from the Mumbai terror attacks incident!
flickr_top10

In terms of referrers – 82% of all traffic is from flickr itself! the 80-20 rule playing itself! news.yahoo.com – from the mumbai terror attacks incident seems to have contributed 12%!!
flickr_refer_top10

Anyway, wrapping it up – it would been nice (more statisfying) to have genuinely got sooo much views i.e. attention for have good quality visual snaps rather than because of news material. Somehow I feel more satisfied and thence happy from genuine appreciation, snaps that convey beauty & feeling. Pictures that are ‘Fluid Frames‘ rather than just news material. But hey, who would not want a supernova moment ;-) I was there and I did that! and the Indian Express has called me the real cool dude (newspaper cutting)! he he and I ain’t complaining ;-)

IMG_9336

have so much to blog ..

but just not in the flow. Even feeling lazy to twitter :-) I guess I should be into blogging soon the ‘go point’ is lurking in the horizon :D

Harshad Leaves Facebook

I got this from Harshad today on Facebook. Interesting :-)

Hey friends!

I’m just quickly emailing you from my facebook account before I delete it. I’m still available on orkut, just that I can’t stand facebook anymore.

I’m leaving facebook because
- I don’t use it much
- I don’t like the complicated user interface
- I don’t like giving applications access to my personal information just to view one message from a friend.
- My friends have emails, and its easier for me to contact them that way.
- Facebook doesn’t allow me to simply delete my account – I SUSPECT FOUL INTENTIONS. FACEBOOK IS NOT TRANSPARENT.
- Copyright grab issue… as a person creating content, I cannot stand this.
- Gut feeling – I never wanted to join, but friends forced me to… and now I’m realizing I was right… need to quit ASAP.

Hope you understand, kindly email me whenever you feel like talking.

Cheers!
Harshad.

Old Love

Old Love ...

I heard the song titled ‘Old Love’ by Eric Clapton – a simple and deep song. Clearly explains my state of mind now :-) Check out the video – live version, amazing solo guitar by Clapton in the middle of the song.

And the first photo that came to my mind was this photo I had taken at New York, June end 2005. I had finished my Masters at berk and was wondering what to do next. I didn’t know why I liked the shot but that was my frame of mind best described then and guess what I understand now :-)!!

The lyrics of the song – Old Love:

I can feel your body
When I’m lying in bed
There’s too much confusion
Going around through my head

And it makes me so angry
To know that the flame still burns
Why can’t I get over?
When will I ever learn?

Old love, leave me alone
Old love, go on home

I can see your face
But I know that it’s not real
It’s just an illusion
Caused by how I used to feel

And it makes me so angry
To know that the flame will always burn
I’ll never get over
I know now that I’ll never learn

Chorus

Finding Kiran

My friend Anil just mailed this in, please do mail / circulate this … I personally know Rabin and Arindham – lovely folks. Sorry to hear about this. Its saddening to see that people are assuming Kiran is dead without a proper search operation.

http://findkiran.blogspot.com/ … The rescue efforts seem
to be less than adequate. It’s amazing that this has escaped all news
channels. I have known Kiran personally during my stay at IIT Kharagpur and
feel sorry about the lack of proper response from park officials.This message is going out in the hope that it will help in someway in the search and rescue of a KGPite who has gone missing in Yosemite National Park (in Northern California).

Please contact: if you think you can help in anyway.

Arindam Chakrabarti: 510-717-7447, mailto: arindamchaks@gmail.com
Rabin Patra: 510-717-2999, rkpatra@cs.berkeley.edu

Here is what is known till today:

YSSKS Kiran has been missing in Yosemite since 12:00 noon on
Saturday May 19, 2007. His friends saw him get washed away in the water but lost sight of him moments after. Kiran could have gotten caught on the shore
immediately after.

As of 1:00pm on Monday May 21, 2007, Search and rescue officers say they are assuming he is already dead, and that his body is trapped in rocks under the water. We believe that this is just an assumption and not a confirmed truth. He may be lying injured and unconscious close to the river. We must make sure that all actions are being pursued to find him quickly.

Here is what is known till today: Kiran has been missing in Yosemite since 12:00 noon on Saturday May 19, 2007. His friends saw him get washed away in the water but lost sight of him moments after. Kiran could have gotten caught on the shore immediately after. As of 1:00pm on Monday May 21, 2007, Search and rescue officers say they are assuming he is already dead, and that his body is trapped in rocks under the water. We believe that this is just an assumption and not a confirmed truth. He may be lying injured and unconscious close to the river. We must make sure that all actions are being pursued to find him quickly.

Kiran’s parents are in India and have been notified of this accident. His father is making arrangements to come to the US immediately. Kiran got his B.Tech. (Hons.) in Computer Science and Engineering from IIT Kharagpur in India in 2001. He got his Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Minnesota in 2006, and is working in NVidia in the San Francisco Bay Area. We want to find Kiran quickly and hopefully alive. We need your help with the following items as soon as possible:- Assistance in getting the media to highlight this horrible accident in Yosemite, and influence continued and full-fledged search and rescue efforts by the appropriate agencies. Reaching out to Congressmen and Senators to influence continued and full-fledged search and rescue efforts. (We are currently reaching out to the IIT, University of Minnesota, NVidia, San Francisco Bay Area, and other social networks.)

Vive La Revolution

Techcrunch points out Diggs’ surrender to crazy mobs – 09-f9-11-02-9d-74-e3-5b-d8-41-56-c5-63-56-88-c0! This should be a landmark day in the web 2.0 sense! Digg editors tried to bring the HD-DVD hack down by pointing out the Terms of Use but it didn’t work … Talk about Democratization of hacks!!

Until today, it seems, even Digg didn’t fully understand the power of its community to determine what is “news.” I think the community made their point crystal clear.

Vive La Revolution.

I cannot but stop thinking how the so called new media will react in future? Here is a snapshot od the digg popular when I blogged:
digg_dvd

3rd week April 07

ashes moment!

An amazing 5th day, 2nd Ashes Test Match – man I loved watching the match today and spending the time before TV! Benefits of being in India and taking a break ;-)

Aussies thrashed the Brits in style! One of the best last day of a test match I have seen in my life … Cricinfo reports

England 551/6d & 129
Australia 513 & 168/4 (32.5 ov)
Australia won by 6 wickets

Australia RR 5.11
Last 10 ovs 47/0 RR 4.70

Full scorecard

32.5 Anderson to Hussey, 1 run, that’s it … Hussey drives through extra cover and punches the air and jumps around as well he might. Australia, seemingly down and out after two days, have recorded a remarkable win. Handshakes all round, and the grinning Australians emerge from the pavilion to meet the hangdog English side at the boundary edge …

See the slideshow of pics here

It was a great day – to see 9 england wickets fall, 4 aussies wickets and Oz score 168 runs in 33 overs. In commanding style. Just clinching a win from what everybody (even the players) thought was going to be DRAW!! No wonder Aussies are the GODS of cricket now :-)

No wonder CRICKET still hols public attention in all its forms i.e Test Matches (5 days), ODIs (1 day) and Twenty20 (4 hrs!)

Some images to close the post (source: Getty Images – atleast thats what all websites say!!)

Warne gets Peterson around the Legs!

Warne in action during a runout?

secondtestday5_2.jpg
Amazing catch by England – they tried their best to stop Aussies!

secondtestday5_7.jpg
Hussey finishes the match in style!

Patterns in life

I have been writing about my views on life lately and this thought has been there for almost 5 months. Does one’s life have a pattern? Is life a locus (matehmatically speaking!) ? i.e are we living life with a set of inherent rules? If so, can we change these rules and patterns forcibly to lead a more happier, satisfied life? Can we holistically put these patterns into boxes and adjust the measures of each pattern so that we feel more succesful at a particular period in life?

A Metaphor here would be a quest for Life’s Graphic/Music Equalizer.
Turn the Bass UP, Treble LOW and Mid Tones UP and voila you have the right mixture ;-)

Q1. Why did I start thinking of ‘Patterns in Life’?

The last 3 years have been personally a challenging time for me – coping with my Bipolar disorder. The moment I think I have understood my health problem, my brain has has stumped my subjective self everytime. Almost to the point of losing my self confidence, self esteem and even seriously questioning the point of existence. I realized that depending on how I felt – I had to change my life such that I don’t excarbate my health problem. If I got lucky answering whether there were patterns in life – bulk of my issues would get solved. 90% of the time getting the question right itself solves the issue! (find another view here)

Q2. Why are S curves important wrt life (Optimization vs Innovation) ?

I am not sure if all of you are aware of S-Curves and their uses. I learnt about them during my Bachelors when I was studying Mechanical Engineering. Its a very well known curve in any sciences. You start out on a concept – keep refining the concept and optimizing it so that it grows and grows. Initially when the concept is new – growth is slow, then it increases, peaks and finally the growth rate slows down (Optimization). Meanwhile, a new concept comes along that solves the problem and it takes over the previous concept (Innovation). And the change from one S-curve to another is discontinuous, radical and mostly to an efficient system.

Coming to the relevancy of S-curve to post title. Everybody’s life goes through phases. I believe each phase is a S-curve. A detailed discussion of this thought and extension of this idea can itself go through series of post ;-) Now that is a matter of conversation over a cuppa tea / coffee or voice chat session.

I have a small whiteboard in my house and I started noting down the patterns from June 2006. I put a picture up on that white board on Flickr and asked for suggestions and that didn’t help much. Now, After close to 6 odd months I am making a blogpost of it – hoping people agree or disagree with my thoughts. I have learnt to look at life in perspective (not only mine) and observe patterns in behaviors. Lets see where it goes. Click on the photo to see earlier comments

paradigm of life

Q3. What are the Patterns in Life?

I don’t think I have cracked the quest for it. My search lead me to lots of thoughts and books. Came to the conclusion that the great minds behind Mathematics, Quantum Physics, Genetics, String Theory are in a way trying to answer a similar question. The difference I am try to formulate simpler rules to help my ‘WAY OF LIVING’ in the present i.e NOW while others are looking at equations and chemicals :-)

Intuitively I feel there are seven main patterns. I have not been able to find that many – so that means the list is not complete and I hope you folks will help me fill it. I will try to illustrate with some examples at all points. I am sure you willbe able to fill in with your own rich exprience. You can think of the different point to be independent of one another. Is just like you have the Bass and Treble too! If something goes really missing – then the music feels odd!!

1. Randomness leads to Creation

2a. Perfection or Optimization improves growth

2b. Discipline aids aceeleration of growth or improved agility

2c. Reflection/Feedback depending on how much and what type (positive or negative) may lead to amplication, resonance, dampening or equilibrium.

2d. Reaction leads to equilibrium, diffusion and exchange of energy.

3. Simplicity of rules/concepts improves in Clarity

4. Structure/Order provides Beauty/Strength.

5. Shock leads to Awakening. Changes the perspective of how someone see life. Its the ‘aha’, ‘nirvana’ moment!

6. Collective Conciousness – the interaction of the inner self with the outside world (Friends, Family, Others). Relationships one shares with the outside world – an interactive world. You influence others and others influence you. Its a convuluted function of interactions – is this what everyone calls Maya?

7. Emotions – yes I am putting emotions in a box. We might have to decide sometimes how much human we are going to be :-) Believe me I have had medicines to influence this – some of them can make you stoic & feel like a rock. Things that fit in here – due to lack of clarity will be passion, motivation, attitude, deattachment, forgiveness, love, freedom & hope.

8. Miscelleneous – Truth, Time i.e mystery of future, and many more things. What is the MATRIX? :D The blue pill or the Red pill! Follw the Rabbit hole Neo …

Its possible that I am wrong in somethings and right in most of the things. Do let me know. Time is 1:30 am and I am in the mood to sleep – example can wait for another time.

Some of the things that are inherently covered in these patterns in Life I have mentioned about: How a LASER works, Mutation, Meditation, Ying n Yang – duality in nature etc.

Next questions I hope to soon answer in the upcoming posts are:

Q4. Where I want to be or what I want to do? i.e how do I want my life’s equalizer to look :-)

Q5. What will be my focus areas and what I would like to improve!

Finishing this post with a thought related to music and patterns:

Music existed long before Humankind agreed that there were 7 basic fundamental notes!

I am talking of something similar. We need something to understand the way we lead lives else its going to be a constant struggle & in that process we are going to miss living and enjoying the present!

the 4 Cs

All the excitement in the internet world now (sometimes termed as Web 2.0) according to me can be summarised in 4 Cs:

  • Content (Micro chunking. tagging)
  • Connectivity (Communication, Mobility, RSS, Voip)
  • Community (Collaboration, smart mobs, user generated content)
  • Commerce (platform providers, Craigslist)

From what I see – I have listed them in that order of importance.

Content first because “Content is the King“! Content in form of data – raw data, information, knowledge / wisdom for personal use, interaction, entertainment is the main driver. Because of RSS and mashups – we see the benefits of micro chunking and tagging them as much as possible

Next comes technology, Connectivity which is the engine (enabler) – Internet, Lan, wired and wireless, communication technology + Mobile phones. Cost had been a barrier in terms of infrastructure i.e for a priviledged few. I would say its a blessing in disguise – Indians haven’t embraced an older technology as the US has done in terms of infrastructure. Indians are hungry for connectivity – the mobile phones technology comes at a lower cost and though may be inferior in certain aspects – serve the basic needs.

Just content + connectivity have limitations! Man inherently wants to communicate with his near and dear ones (social hunger). Just connectivity does that to an extent. But when connectivity and content come at a cost or have limitations (literacy + learning technology + language limitation) – basic voice is left as sole driver to fill his needs. This is one of the reasons why the mobile phones have been largely successful – all one has to do is press a buttin and start talking!

Community, according to me, the passengers. The costs & tools to create content have come down. All you need to make your own audio, photo or video can be done on your phone on the go! you can edit and share them right from your phones. Some of the phones (depending on features, 2nd hand) are selling at Rs 5,000 (grey market ;-) ) People want to share the content and contribute to content. This is not only in the form of mobile blogging, You Tubes, podcasting but also community based working e.g community internet radio, newspaper or TV – adaptions of public RSS aggregators where media is audio, text or video or content streaming server.

Finally, something I have missed in the equation i.e Commerce. According to me Commerce is like a spark. Once we have the right conducive environment – Commerce mostly have a symbiotic nature i.e everything will be free / sustainable in nature.

Just to wrap up, I am viewing the current internet sphere using a metaphor.

Internet is a Car. Content the driver. Connectivity which is the engine. Community the passengers. And Finally Commerce the spark! After you start the car – you actually may not need the spark ;-)

Note: Ajax is nowhere in the picture ;-)! Surprised? Well I am not. Its somewhere in. between All the first three … In web 1.0 – commerce was the spark + road! and community was mostly for the privileged few.

PS:Awaiting your comments …
I shall expand on these more later when I have time (I am falling short
of it nowadays). I want to spend more time in the real world. Have not
read any blogs for around a month! Hope I am not missing any trends. I
loved being a maven in this area :-)

nipples and world cup final!

Aargh – so frustrating to see Zidane go out for that. So, here it is Italy are the champions. I feel champions just for namesake! The way they played against US – the elbow the left the US captain bleeding on his nose. Mock dive by Gattusso to win the penalty and hence the game against the aussies – leave them no way worthy of champions.

But anyway – bottom line Italy win in a penalty shoot out and they didn’t mess it up there! Leaving with from pics from the  people around the world and on why Zidance might have done the head butt!!

Gaurdian says Zidane went nuts when ‘Materazzi tweaked Zidane’s Nipples’

109 mins: ZIDANE SENT OFF FOR STICKING THE HEED ON MATERAZZI!! Oh. My. God. In his final professional match, Zidane had been sent off for a disgraceful headbutt on Materazzi. He just rammed his head into Materazzi’s chest; it was really firm and nasty. Horrible. Now that really is a headbutt. It was also completely off the ball and at first it seemed he’d got away with it, but after talking to his assistant – and possibly after an intervention from the fourth official – the referee was alerted to what happened, and sent Zidane off. He has always had a nasty streak, but this was just ridiculous. What on earth did Materazzi say to provoke that? Either way, it was a disgusting, nasty, blackly comic headbutt, delivered with a Hitchcokian suddenness, and it’s an unbelievable ending to Zidane’s lustrous career. It was a JFK moment and a GBH moment rolled into one oh-my-giddy-aunt moment. And he could still end up lifting the World Cup!

115 mins Replays show that Materazzi’s crime was to, erm, tweak Zidane’s nipple. I kid you not. Tyldesley, the Zidane lover, is now launching into the darker spots of Materazzi’s CV, but he’s a fool: Zidane is slap bang out of order, kinky nipple tweak or no nipple tweak.

Leaving you with pics of the incident and the list of all the countries that made it to the world cup finals!
zidane_red.jpg

zidane_finishes.gif

abef.jpg
cdgh.jpg

cutting down reading …

I am enforcing some discipline in myself – as my health needs it. I cannot afford to have behaviour that encourages short attention and I am anyway slightly bored with the happenings of the blogosphere.

Off late – I have bee noticing I am writing more and reading less. As of today my number of feed I read have been cut down to 40. I have made a resolution to keep the number below 42 ;-) – the answer to Life, Universe and Everything :D

Will give a list soon – but the broad categories are: Mobility, Cool, Monitor, News, Other, People, Private and Tech.

Leaving you with links for the day:

I just love this graphic from kathy’s site:

progress.jpg

grou.ps 2.0

I got this mail today from GROU.PS – a service I had registered for months ago didn’t come back to check it out. Its cool that Yahoo is now synchronised :-) I will soon check it out. Meanwhile folks anyone interested in a groups 2.0 concepts – register there and let me know.

By groups 2.0 I personally mean using RSS, tags (blog posts, flickr, delicious bookmarks) wikis and email effectively so that the people in a group use the entire internet and work as a group all the time i.e work and think as a group. Its no longer just uploading files and emails! I don’t see any groups service offering this as of now. No one is harnessing the power of the web as of now.

Here is the email I got from them. Would been good if they could have used my name instead of just saying ‘early adopters’! But you know what I am happy somewhere someplace someone actually called me an early adopter.

Dear early adopters,

Now it’s very easy to synchronize your existing Yahoo! Groups with our
services; import group members and archive mails in our Talks section in
one simple step. Here is what you need to do:

1) Sign in @ http://grou.ps/authentication.do
2) Select your grou.p from the left pane (you need to have admin
privileges)
3) Follow the “Grou.p Administration” link
4) Click on “Wrapper” button
5) Enter your Yahoo! account information (username and password) and Yahoo!
Group name (nothing stored)
6) Voila..

You may also want to see our latest features…

Thanks for using GROU.PS services.

todays links …

links I hope to read later in the day. Blogging in case any one of you find time in between and find it useful. :-).

Usability Research: Key Findings 2005

Creators, Syntheziers and consumers:
talks about communities and groups effect in yahoo.

Top ten U.S Spending Trends (2005)

Free eBook
: Its of the entrepreneur genre …

Some webapps and services you should check out if you haven’t yet!
www.picsquare.com
- For people who want to send prints especially in India. They are in the news doe refusing VC funding recently from some firm!
www.meebo.com
I am surprised lot of people are still unaware about this webapp for chatting from inside the browser! Also do check out www.ajchat.com
Visual RSS public aggregator
– this one really rocks
On the lines of RSS aggregator see: Live.com (from Microsoft) and Pageflakes.

Walt, Malt and Fon!

Another new category open called ” today ” – has news from today that I consider to be important from my point of view!

Media
The Walt within: Did Disney buy Pixar or Jobs??

Mobile:
Marketing mobiles to the youth segmenet
Location based marketing for mobiles

some fun:
The Malt PC

{I love this concept ;-)!} instructions to mod it here.

whiskey_bottle_final.jpgwhiskey_bottle_assemble.jpgwhiskey_bottle.jpg

The Fon Buzz: About Fon
The net blogosphere is all talking about it. I feel its going to be important from the developing word point of view. especially India and Africa
Ethan Zuckerman says:

In Africa, bandwidth isn’t cheap. Entire universities run on less bandwidth than I have coming into my house on a DSL line. Being altruistic and leaving your wireless access point open in Africa is pretty much a guarantee that you’re going to end up with other users abusing the limited bandwidth you have. It’s important that African users have the opportunity to share their bandwith in a way that allows for “bandwidth shaping” – sharing some bandwidth with other users and retaining the rest for your own needs – and billing, so other users can share the cost with you. FON’s current software isn’t optimized for this situation yet, but it’s close, and FON is engaged with the issues in a serious and sustained way. I predict that FON is something I’ll be able to enthusastically pitch to African friends in the very near future.

Here are the thoughts of GigaOm and Mobile-Weblog

Indian Daily – Business Line covers this news saying:

`Why Fon?’ thus: “Broadband growth continues; WiFi is rapidly disseminating; WiFi devices are rapidly proliferating; VoIP is becoming mainstream; users want fixed Internet everywhere.”

Are there enemies of Fon? Yes! “Mobile operators have paid enormous amounts of money for 3G licences and they want the return on their investment. But they don’t have the bandwidth to compete with WiFi,” points out Varsavsky.